束莉, 马嬿, 赵文红, 张晨, 尹传令. 某医学院校大学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为调查[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2014, 38(5): 637-639.
    引用本文: 束莉, 马嬿, 赵文红, 张晨, 尹传令. 某医学院校大学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为调查[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2014, 38(5): 637-639.
    SHU Li, MA Yan, ZHAO Wenhong, ZHANG Chen, YIN Chuanling. The survey of nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of medical college students[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2014, 38(5): 637-639.
    Citation: SHU Li, MA Yan, ZHAO Wenhong, ZHANG Chen, YIN Chuanling. The survey of nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of medical college students[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2014, 38(5): 637-639.

    某医学院校大学生营养知识、态度及饮食行为调查

    The survey of nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice of medical college students

    • 摘要: 目的:了解某医学院校在校大学生的营养知识、态度、行为(KAP)状况。方法:采用随机整群抽样的方法,抽取临床医学、预防医学专业三个年级学生共641名,进行营养KAP问卷调查。结果:大学生营养KAP平均得分为(44.56.2),不同年级女生的营养知识、营养态度得分及KAP总分均高于不同年级男生(P0.05~P0.01);四年级男女生的营养知识、营养态度得分及KAP总分均高于一、三年级的男女生(P0.01)。经多元线性回归分析,影响大学生营养KAP得分的主要因素为性别和年级。结论:该校学生目前营养知识掌握水平较差,对一些常见营养素的来源及作用认识不足,但均有积极的态度,因此应在学校内开展有效的营养教育来提高学生的营养知识,指导日常膳食,为今后开展膳食指导和营养知识的宣传打下基础。

       

      Abstract: Objective:To investigate the nutritional knowledge,attitude and practice(KAP) of college students in a medical college.Method:Six hundred and forty-one college students from three grades of clinical and prevention profession were investigated with nutritional KAP questionnaire by random cluster sampling method.Results:The average score of nutritional KAP of all students was(44.56.2).The scores of nutritional knowledge,attitude and KAP in girls were higher than those in boys from different grades(P0.05 to P0.01).The scores of nutritional knowledge and attitude and KAP total scores in girls and boys from the fourth grade were higher than those in the first and third grades(P0.01).The sex and grade were the major influence factors of nutritional KAP score by multiple linear regression analysis.Conclusions:Students have poorly nutritional knowledge,poverty of the source and role of some common nutrients and active attitude.Launching effective nutritional education to improve their nutritional knowledge and guiding daily dietary can lay the foundation of further dietary guide and nutritional knowledge popularization.

       

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