高勤, 李晓波. 实习护生社交焦虑与情绪智力、心理韧性的关系研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2022, 47(3): 359-363. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2022.03.022
    引用本文: 高勤, 李晓波. 实习护生社交焦虑与情绪智力、心理韧性的关系研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2022, 47(3): 359-363. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2022.03.022
    GAO Qin, LI Xiao-bo. Study on the relationship between social anxiety, emotional intelligence and psychological resilience of nursing interns[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2022, 47(3): 359-363. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2022.03.022
    Citation: GAO Qin, LI Xiao-bo. Study on the relationship between social anxiety, emotional intelligence and psychological resilience of nursing interns[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2022, 47(3): 359-363. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2022.03.022

    实习护生社交焦虑与情绪智力、心理韧性的关系研究

    Study on the relationship between social anxiety, emotional intelligence and psychological resilience of nursing interns

    • 摘要:
      目的了解实习阶段护理学生(简称实习护生)社交焦虑现状,探讨心理韧性在社交焦虑与情绪智力之间的关系,为降低实习护生社交焦虑提供参考依据。
      方法采用一般资料问卷、交往焦虑量表、情绪智力量表、心理韧性量表对泰州市某三级甲等医院235名实习护生进行调查。
      结果实习护生的社交焦虑水平为(40.76±5.99)分,高于国内大学生常模(38.90±9.70)分(t=4.75,P < 0.05)。中专、大专护生社交焦虑水平明显高于本科护生(P < 0.01);月生活费600元以下护生社交焦虑水平高于月生活费600~1 000元和1 000元以上护生(P < 0.05)。实习护生情绪智力和心理韧性总分分别为(113.14±9.41)分和(87.52±8.53)分,处于中等偏上水平。情绪智力和心理韧性与社交焦虑均呈负相关关系(P < 0.05~P < 0.01)。心理韧性在社交焦虑和情绪智力之间起部分中介作用,中介效应占比35.6%。
      结论实习护生社交焦虑水平较高,可以通过提高实习护生心理韧性和情绪智力,减缓实习护生社交焦虑,维持实习护生心理健康。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo understand the status quo of social anxiety in nursing interns, to explore the relationship between psychological resilience, social anxiety and emotional intelligence, so as to provide reference for reducing social anxiety in nursing interns.
      MethodsA total of 235 nursing interns in a grade A tertiary hospital in Taizhou were investigated with general information questionnaire, interaction anxiousness scale, emotional intelligence scale and resilience scale.
      ResultsThe social anxiety level of nursing interns was(40.76±5.99) points, which was higher than that of the norm of Chinese college students(38.90±9.70) points(t=4.75, P < 0.05). The level of social anxiety of nursing interns in technical secondary school and junior college was significantly higher than that of undergraduate nursing interns(P < 0.01), and which in nursing interns with monthly living expenses of less than 600 yuan was higher than that of nursing interns with monthly living expenses of 600-1 000 yuan and more than 1 000 yuan(P < 0.05). The total scores of emotional intelligence and psychological resilience of nursing interns were(113.14±9.41) points and(87.52±8.53) points, respectively, which were at upper middle level.Emotional intelligence and psychological resilience were negatively correlated with social anxiety(P < 0.05 to P < 0.01). Psychological resilience partially mediated the relationship between social anxiety and emotional intelligence, and the mediating effect accounted for 35.6%.
      ConclusionsThe social anxiety level of nursing interns is higher. By improving the psychological resilience and emotional intelligence of nursing interns, the social anxiety level of nursing interns can be alleviated and the mental health of nursing interns can be maintained.

       

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