周霞, 张利. 某市妇女乳腺癌筛查知信行现状及其影响因素[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2012, 36(5): 581-584.
    引用本文: 周霞, 张利. 某市妇女乳腺癌筛查知信行现状及其影响因素[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2012, 36(5): 581-584.
    ZHOU Xia, ZHANG Li. Status and influencing factors of knowledge attitudes andpractices of breast cancer screening among women from certain city[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2012, 36(5): 581-584.
    Citation: ZHOU Xia, ZHANG Li. Status and influencing factors of knowledge attitudes andpractices of breast cancer screening among women from certain city[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2012, 36(5): 581-584.

    某市妇女乳腺癌筛查知信行现状及其影响因素

    Status and influencing factors of knowledge attitudes andpractices of breast cancer screening among women from certain city

    • 摘要: 目的:了解某市妇女乳腺癌筛查的知识、信念、行为及影响因素。方法:采用便利抽样法抽取4个社区妇女为研究对象。应用自行设计的社区妇女乳腺癌筛查知、信、行调查问卷对研究对象进行调查。结果:妇女乳腺癌疾病及筛查知识得分为(8.685.25)分,有73.3%的人知道乳腺癌最常见的首发症状为乳房肿块。乳腺癌筛查信念得分为(47.635.45)分,大多数妇女同意乳腺癌筛查的益处。49.5%曾经做过乳腺自我检查,但真正有规律1个月做1次的只有2.4%。分别有46.2%和28.6%的人曾做过乳腺临床检查和乳腺X线摄片检查。文化程度对知识得分、信念得分、行为得分有显著影响(p0.01);家庭收入对知识得分有显著影响(p0.01);年龄和职业是行为得分的影响因素(p0.01~p0.05)。结论:乳腺癌筛查率仍然很低,筛查行为的现状不容乐观,影响因素包括文化程度、年龄、家庭收入、职业。健康教育者应针对影响因素,采取有效的措施对乳腺癌筛查行为进行干预,改善乳腺癌筛查行为,提高妇女生活质量。

       

      Abstract: To explore thestatus andof knowledge attitudes and practices(KAP)of breastfn ferscreening among women in certain city. Methodsinfluencing factors:Women ommunities were selected for investigating their information attitudetis easeand behavior about breastf ferby using flesigned KAP questionnaire Results that.

       

    /

    返回文章
    返回