胡杰, 汪思应. 静脉和侧脑室注射内吗啡肽-1对大鼠血清一氧化氮含量和一氧化氮合酶活性的影响[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2007, 32(4): 388-390.
    引用本文: 胡杰, 汪思应. 静脉和侧脑室注射内吗啡肽-1对大鼠血清一氧化氮含量和一氧化氮合酶活性的影响[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2007, 32(4): 388-390.
    HU Jie, WANG Si-ying. Effects of intravenous and intracerebroventricular injections of endomorphin-1 on serum nitric oxide content and nitric oxide synthase activity of rats[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2007, 32(4): 388-390.
    Citation: HU Jie, WANG Si-ying. Effects of intravenous and intracerebroventricular injections of endomorphin-1 on serum nitric oxide content and nitric oxide synthase activity of rats[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2007, 32(4): 388-390.

    静脉和侧脑室注射内吗啡肽-1对大鼠血清一氧化氮含量和一氧化氮合酶活性的影响

    Effects of intravenous and intracerebroventricular injections of endomorphin-1 on serum nitric oxide content and nitric oxide synthase activity of rats

    • 摘要: 目的: 观察大鼠静脉和侧脑室注射内吗啡肽-1(EM-1)降低动脉血压中血清一氧化氮(NO)含量和一氧化氮合酶(NOS)活性的变化及其作用。方法: Wistar大鼠20只,随机分为外周静脉给药组14只和侧脑室给药组6只。静脉和侧脑室注射EM-1及其阻断剂Cyprodime,静脉注射NOS抑制剂L-NNA,分别测定大鼠动脉血压、血清NO含量和NOS活性的变化。结果: 大鼠静脉注射EM-1后动脉血压降低及血清NO含量和NOS活性升高(P<0.01和P<0.01),可被Cyprodime和L-NNA阻断;侧脑室注射EM-1后动脉血压降低,血清NO含量和NOS活性均无明显变化(P>0.05)。结论: 静脉注射EM-1可能通过μ阿片受体激活血管内皮NOS,促进NO释放降低动脉血压。侧脑室注射EM-1可能通过中枢μ阿片受体降低动脉血压,与NO无关。

       

      Abstract: Objective: To observe the effects of intravenous and intracerebroventricular injections of endomorphin-1 (EM-1) on serum nitric oxide (NO) content and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity of rats.Methods: Twenty Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups:intravenous injection group (n=14) and intracerebroventricular injection group (n=6).The right femoralartery was cannulated with polyethylene tubing to record arterial pressure.Variations of arterial pressure, NO content and NOS activity were observed after intravenous or intracerebroventricular injection of EM-1 in rats.The effects of intravenous injection of various blockers cyprodime, N-ω-nitrolarginine, on the varitation MAP, NO content and NOS activity caused by EM-1 were observed.Results: Intravenous injection of EM-1 produce depressor on mean arterial pressure (P<0.01) in anesthetized rats.NO content and NOS activity in serum were much higher than those in control group (P<0.01).While intravenous injection L-NNA and cyprodime could partially antagonize the effects;intracerebroventricular injection of EM-1 produced depressor on mean arterial pressure (P<0.01) in anesthetized rats.NO content and NOS activity in serum were no more than those in control group (P>0.05).Conclusions: Intravenous injection of EM-1 produces depressor on mean arterial pressure may be most associated with the release of nitric oxide from vascular endothelium.While intracerebroventricular injection of EM-1 produces depressor on MAP may be most associated with central opioid receptor.

       

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