刘翠翠, 胡岚. 大学新生心理健康状况调查与对策分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2010, 35(10): 1040-1042.
    引用本文: 刘翠翠, 胡岚. 大学新生心理健康状况调查与对策分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2010, 35(10): 1040-1042.
    LIU Cui-cui, HU Lan. Survey on the mental health of freshmen and the countermeasures[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2010, 35(10): 1040-1042.
    Citation: LIU Cui-cui, HU Lan. Survey on the mental health of freshmen and the countermeasures[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2010, 35(10): 1040-1042.

    大学新生心理健康状况调查与对策分析

    Survey on the mental health of freshmen and the countermeasures

    • 摘要: 目的:调查分析大学新生的心理健康状况,为高校的心理健康教育工作提供依据。方法:采用大学生人格健康调查表(UPI)网上测评系统对3 775名大学一年级学生进行测查并分类。结果:第一类(有心理问题)学生240名;选择率最高的前5题是第14、52、58、9、22题,有自杀意念者37名;男大学生的UPI得分显著低于女大学生;需进行心理咨询(A类)学生54名,其中有严重心理问题者3名,一般心理问题者43名,心理健康者8名。结论:大多数新生心理是健康的;有心理问题的学生主要存在抑郁、强迫、自卑、焦虑等负性情绪;女大学生的心理健康状况需引起特别关注;大学新生迫切需要解决成长和发展中的心理困惑。

       

      Abstract: Objective:To research into the mental health of freshmen,so as to provide basis for the psychological education.Methods:A total of 3 775 freshmen were questionaired by university personality inventory (UPI).Results:Two hundred and forty students were classified as level one;the item 14,52,58,9 and 22 acquired the highest selectance;37 students had suicide idea.The UPI score in male students was significantly lower than that in female.Among the 54 students of level A,3 demonstrated serious psychological problems,43 common psychological problems and 8 were in healthy state.Conclusions:The majority of freshmen present healthy psychology.The negative emotions include depression,obsession,inferiority and anxiety,and the female students require special attention.The freshmen are in urgent need of psychological guidance.

       

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