洪斌, 徐钧陶, 王卫华, 葛伟. 巢湖市气象因素与脑卒中发病关系的研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2015, 40(1): 49-51. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2015.01.016
    引用本文: 洪斌, 徐钧陶, 王卫华, 葛伟. 巢湖市气象因素与脑卒中发病关系的研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2015, 40(1): 49-51. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2015.01.016
    HONG Bin, XU Jun-tao, WANG Wei-hua, GE Wei. The relationship between meteorological factors and stroke incidence in Chaohu city[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2015, 40(1): 49-51. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2015.01.016
    Citation: HONG Bin, XU Jun-tao, WANG Wei-hua, GE Wei. The relationship between meteorological factors and stroke incidence in Chaohu city[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2015, 40(1): 49-51. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2015.01.016

    巢湖市气象因素与脑卒中发病关系的研究

    The relationship between meteorological factors and stroke incidence in Chaohu city

    • 摘要: 目的:探讨气象因素对脑卒中发病的影响,为预防脑卒中提供气象学依据.方法:收集巢湖市2008~2012年11 100例脑卒中住院病例资料,并对脑卒中发病时间的特点进行分析,采用单因素相关分析脑卒中发病时间与同期气温、气压、相对湿度之间的关系,用圆分布分析其发病集中趋势.结果:脑出血发病与气温呈负相关关系,与气压呈正相关关系(P<0.01),与相对湿度无相关关系(P>0.05);脑梗死与气温呈正相关关系(P=0.01),与气压及相对湿度均无相关关系(P>0.05);脑出血5年间每年发病均有明显的集中趋势(P<0.05),5年合计发病也有一个集中趋势,平均角是12.222 8°,相当于每年的1月13日;脑梗死在2008年、2010年和2012年3年的平均角差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),分别相当于7月8日、8月11日、9月20日,但5年合计平均角差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:巢湖市脑出血发病有明确的季节性,冬季好发,年度发病集中于冬季的3个月(12月至次年2月),夏季低发.脑梗死的发病趋势倾向于夏季及秋季多发,春冬季低发.

       

      Abstract: Objective:To investigate the effects of meteorological factors on the incidence of stroke for providing the basis of the stroke prevention.Methods:The data of 11100 cases with stroke from 2008 to 2012 were collected in Chaohu city.The relationships between the onset time of stroke and temperature, air pressure and relative humidity in Chaohu were analyzed using univariate correlation analysis, and the central tendency of disease was analyzed using a round distribution analysis.Results:The incidence of cerebral hemorrhage was negatively correlated with air temperature, positively correlated with air pressure(P<0.01), and not correlated with relative humidity(P>0.05).The cerebral infarction was positively correlated with air temperature(P=0.01), and not correlated with air pressure and relative humidity(P>0.05).The annual incidence of cerebral hemorrhage showed significantly central tendency from 2008 to 2012(P<0.05), and the total incidence also showed a central tendency, the average angle of which was 12.222 8°, equivalent to 13 January.The differences of the average angle of cerebral infarction in 2008, 2010 and 2012, equivalent to 8 July, 11 August, 20 September, were statistically significant(P<0.05), but the difference of five-year total average angle was not statistically significant(P>0.05).Conclusions:The incidence of cerebral hemorrhage in Chaohu city has a clear seasonality, major in December to February of winter and minor in summer.The onset of cerebral infarction trend tends to be higher in summer and autumn, lower in the spring and winter.

       

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