赵龙, 杨秀木. 护理学生参与志愿服务动机调查与分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2017, 42(7): 971-974. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2017.07.043
    引用本文: 赵龙, 杨秀木. 护理学生参与志愿服务动机调查与分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2017, 42(7): 971-974. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2017.07.043
    ZHAO Long, YANG Xiu-mu. Investigation and analysis on the motivation of participating voluntary service in medical undergraduates[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2017, 42(7): 971-974. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2017.07.043
    Citation: ZHAO Long, YANG Xiu-mu. Investigation and analysis on the motivation of participating voluntary service in medical undergraduates[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2017, 42(7): 971-974. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2017.07.043

    护理学生参与志愿服务动机调查与分析

    Investigation and analysis on the motivation of participating voluntary service in medical undergraduates

    • 摘要: 目的:调查和分析护理学生参与志愿服务的动机。方法:使用志愿功能动机量表,采用整群抽样的方法对300名护理学生进行问卷调查。结果:300名调查对象中,参加过志愿服务活动的259人(86.3%),未参加过志愿服务活动的41人(13.7%)。大学三年级学生的价值表达、职业生涯、社会交往、学习理解、自我增强和志愿动机总评分均高于大学一年级学生(P<0.05~P<0.01);男生在自我保护、社会交往、志愿动机总评分均高于女生(P<0.05~P<0.01);进入大学后成绩良好在社会交往中得分高于成绩中等者(P<0.05);价值表达、社会交往、学习理解、自我增强维度及志愿动机总分上,农村高于县城(P<0.05~P<0.01);在学习理解和自我增强维度上,农村显著高于乡镇(P<0.01);家庭人均月收入在各个维度及志愿动机总分上差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);医学生在志愿动机量表6个维度的评分从高到低依次是:学习理解(5.117分)>自我增强(5.059分)>价值表达(5.048分)>职业生涯(4.910分)>社会交往(4.420分)>自我保护(4.339分),6个维度的评分均高于4分。结论:护理学生志愿服务动机多元化,以自身专业为优势的志愿服务为主要选择,参与志愿服务目的多样化,通过志愿服务提升自身某方面的能力和满足自身某种需求,而志愿服务动机的满足,也能够激励医学生继续参加志愿服务活动。

       

      Abstract: Objective:To investigate and analyze the motivation of participating voluntary service in medical undergraduates.Methods:Three hundred medical college students were investigated using the voluntary motivation scale by the method of cluster sampling.Results:Among 300 medical students,159 students participated the voluntary service activities(86.3%),and 41 students did not participate in the voluntary service activities(13.7%).The scores of the value expression,career,social interaction,learning understanding,self enhancement and volunteer motivation in grade 3 students were higher than those in Grade 1 students(P<0.01).The total scores of the self-protection,social interaction and voluntary motivation in male students were higher than those in female students(P<0.05 to P<0.01).After entering the university,the score of the social interaction in good students was higher than that in medium students(P<0.05).The scores of the value expression,career,social interaction,learning understanding,self enhancement and volunteer motivation in rural students were higher than those in county students(P<0.05 to P<0.01).The scores of the learning,understanding and self enhancement in rural students were significantly higher than those in town students(P<0.01).The differences of the scores of the monthly income in each dimension and voluntary motivation were not statistically significant(P>0.05).Among 6 dimensions of volunteer motivation scale of medical students,the scores of learning understanding,self enhancement,value expression,career,social interaction and self-protection were 5.117,5.059,5.048,4.910,4.420 and 4.339 points,respectively,and the average score of which was 4 points.Conclusions:The diversification of the voluntary service motivation and using own professional advantage in medical students are the main choice of volunteer service.The diversification of participating volunteer service can enhance the ability of certain aspects and meet some needs of students.Meet the voluntary service motivation can also encourage students to participate the volunteer service activities.

       

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