葛传惠, 赵婷婷, 马猛弟, 吴维, 胡林云, 王利新, 张梁英, 宋红梅, 翟长平. 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间大众心理健康状况调查[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(2): 159-162. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.006
    引用本文: 葛传惠, 赵婷婷, 马猛弟, 吴维, 胡林云, 王利新, 张梁英, 宋红梅, 翟长平. 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间大众心理健康状况调查[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(2): 159-162. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.006
    GE Chuan-hui, ZHAO Ting-ting, MA Meng-di, WU Wei, HU Lin-yun, WANG Li-xin, ZHANG Liang-ying, SONG Hong-mei, ZHAI Chang-ping. Survey of the public mental health during the COVID-19 epidemic[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(2): 159-162. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.006
    Citation: GE Chuan-hui, ZHAO Ting-ting, MA Meng-di, WU Wei, HU Lin-yun, WANG Li-xin, ZHANG Liang-ying, SONG Hong-mei, ZHAI Chang-ping. Survey of the public mental health during the COVID-19 epidemic[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(2): 159-162. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.006

    新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间大众心理健康状况调查

    Survey of the public mental health during the COVID-19 epidemic

    • 摘要:
      目的调查受新型冠状病毒感染肺炎(coronavirus disease 2019,COVID-19)疫情影响的蚌埠地区大众心理健康情况,为相关部门提升与改善大众精神卫生服务提供参考,为目前和未来开展心理干预提供依据。
      方法在线制作COVID-19疫情期间大众心理健康状况调查问卷,通过微信转发方式邀请研究对象进行问卷填写。
      结果问卷填写有效应答率为100%(343/343)。研究对象对COVID-19疫情发展了解占90.67%,对COVID-19了解占87.17%,在公共场所戴口罩占99.42%,预计COVID-19在3个月内得到基本控制占72.3%,认为目前所采取措施有效占87.18%,在COVID-19流行期间认为家里最安全为90.67%,知晓隐瞒COVID-19接触史违法占65.31%。心理健康自评问卷20个条目中,检出率最高的前三项依次是易疲劳(34.69%)、不快乐(29.45%)和很难做决定(28.28%);不同性别中,女性感到“紧张、不安或担忧”“比原来哭得多”多于男性(P < 0.05);不同职业中,非医护人员感到“很难从日常活动中得到乐趣”“出现过结束自己生命的想法”多于医护人员(P < 0.05)。心理健康自评问卷SRQ-20得分≥7分共64例(18.66%)。
      结论COVID-19发生后政府和社会的大力宣传取得良好效果,公众对COVID-19关注度较高,认识较好,能采取有效的应对措施,大部分人群心理健康状态良好,仍需加强心理干预,尤其重视女性和部分非医护人员的急性应激反应。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo investigate the current mental health status of people in Bengbu affected by corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, to provide a reference for relevant departments to improve mental health service, and to supply basis to conduct psychological intervention in the present and future.
      MethodsThe questionnaire of the public mental health during COVID-19 epidemic was made online, and the subjects were invited to fill in the questionnaire by Wechat forwarding.
      ResultsThe effective response rate was 100% (343/343).The subject who understood the development of COVID-19 epidemic accounted for 90.67%, who understood COVID-19 accounted for 87.17%, who wore mask in public place accounted for 99.42%, who estimated that COVID-19 would be basically controlled within three months accounted for 72.3%, who believed that the current measures were effective accounted for 87.18%, who thought that the home was the safest place during the period of COVID-19 epidemic accounted for 90.67%, and who knew that concealing the contact history of COVID-19 was illegal accounted for 65.31%.In the 20 items of the self-assessment questionnaire of mental health, the top three with the highest detection rate were easy fatigue (34.69%), unhappiness (29.45%) and difficulty to make decision (28.28%).In subjects of different genders, females who felt "nervous, uneasy or worried", and "cried much more than before" were more than male (P < 0.05).In subjects of different occupations, non-medical staffs who felt "that it was difficult to have fun from daily activity", and "had the thought of ending own life" were more than medical staffs (P < 0.05).Sixty cases had the questionnaire SRQ-20 score ≥7 points.
      ConclusionsAfter COVID-19 occurence, the government and society's vigorous publicity to the public has achieved good results.The public pays more attention to COVID-19, has a better understanding of the disease, and can take effective measure, so the majority of the public has good mental health.Psychological intervention should be strengthened, especially the acute stress response of women and some non-medical staffs.

       

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