梁兰, 胡建萍, 何东梅, 高茜. 中职护生的生命意义感和死亡态度现状及其相关性分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(2): 259-262. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.034
    引用本文: 梁兰, 胡建萍, 何东梅, 高茜. 中职护生的生命意义感和死亡态度现状及其相关性分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(2): 259-262. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.034
    LIANG Lan, HU Jian-ping, HE Dong-mei, GAO Xi. Study on the life meaning and death attitude of secondary vocational nursing students and its correlation[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(2): 259-262. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.034
    Citation: LIANG Lan, HU Jian-ping, HE Dong-mei, GAO Xi. Study on the life meaning and death attitude of secondary vocational nursing students and its correlation[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(2): 259-262. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.02.034

    中职护生的生命意义感和死亡态度现状及其相关性分析

    Study on the life meaning and death attitude of secondary vocational nursing students and its correlation

    • 摘要:
      目的调查中等职业院校护理专业学生(中职护生)的生命意义感和死亡态度现状及其相关性,并分析生命意义感的影响因素,为中职院校开展死亡教育课程提供参考和依据。
      方法采用一般资料调查问卷、汉化版生命意义感量表、死亡态度描绘量表(修订版)对四川省某中职院校1 516名中职护生进行调查。
      结果中职护生生命意义感总分为(40.46±7.27)分,其中寻找生命意义感条目均分(4.60±1.03)分,存在生命意义条目均分(4.41±0.89)分;不同年级、家庭所在地、自觉身心健康状态及自杀念头护生的生命意义感得分差异均有统计学意义(P < 0.01);死亡态度各维度得分中自然接受维度得分最高,为(3.37±0.59)分,其次是死亡逃避维度(3.27±0.64)分、趋近接受维度(3.25±0.53)分、逃离接受维度(3.22±0.64)分、死亡恐惧维度(2.91±0.56)分。生命意义感中存在生命意义感维度与死亡态度中的死亡恐惧、死亡逃避、自然接受、趋近接受、逃离接受5个维度均呈负相关关系(P < 0.01),而寻找生命意义感维度与死亡态度中的死亡逃避、趋近接受、逃离接受3个维度均呈正相关关系(P < 0.05~P < 0.01)。
      结论中职护生的生命意义感处于中等水平,死亡态度以自然接受为主,但仍需正向引导护生,树立积极的生死观。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo investigate the life meaning and death attitude of secondary vocational nursing students and its correlation, and analyze the influencing factors of life meaning for providing reference and basis in carrying out death education courses for nursing students in secondary vocational schools.
      MethodsA total of 1 516 secondary vocational nursing students were surveyed using the general information questionnaire, Chinese version of life meaning scale and death attitude description scale(revised).
      ResultsThe total score of the sense of life meaning in secondary vocational nursing students was (40.46±7.27), and the average scores of the seeking life meaning item and life meaning existence item were (4.60±1.03) and (4.41±0.89), respectively.The differences of the scores of life meaning in nursing students with different grades, family location, self-conscious physical and mental health status, and suicidal thoughts were statistically significant(P < 0.01).Among the dimensions of death attitude, the score of natural acceptance dimension was the highest(3.37±0.59), followed by the death escape dimension(3.27±0.64), approach acceptance dimension(3.25±0.53), escape acceptance dimension(3.22±0.64), and fear of death dimension(2.91±0.56).The life meaning existence dimension in life meaning sense was negatively correlated with the death fear, death escape, natural acceptance, approach acceptance and escape acceptance among death attitudes(P < 0.01), while the seeking life meaning dimension was positively correlated with death escape, approach acceptance and escape acceptance among death attitudes(P < 0.05 to P < 0.01).
      ConclusionsThe sense of life meaning of the secondary vocational nursing students is at medium level, and the natural acceptance is the main death attitude.However, it is still necessary to guide nursing students positively to establish a positive outlook on life and death.

       

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