吴若瑶, 姚荣英, 杨少萌, 蒋志成, 王帮璇, 元永艇. 城市学龄期儿童攻击行为与对"二孩"接纳程度关系的研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(11): 1531-1537. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.022
    引用本文: 吴若瑶, 姚荣英, 杨少萌, 蒋志成, 王帮璇, 元永艇. 城市学龄期儿童攻击行为与对"二孩"接纳程度关系的研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(11): 1531-1537. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.022
    WU Ruo-yao, YAO Rong-ying, YANG Shao-meng, JIANG Zhi-cheng, WANG Bang-xuan, YUAN Yong-ting. Study on relationship between urban school-age children's aggressive behavior and acceptance of second-born children[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(11): 1531-1537. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.022
    Citation: WU Ruo-yao, YAO Rong-ying, YANG Shao-meng, JIANG Zhi-cheng, WANG Bang-xuan, YUAN Yong-ting. Study on relationship between urban school-age children's aggressive behavior and acceptance of second-born children[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(11): 1531-1537. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.022

    城市学龄期儿童攻击行为与对"二孩"接纳程度关系的研究

    Study on relationship between urban school-age children's aggressive behavior and acceptance of second-born children

    • 摘要:
      目的了解城市学龄期儿童对"二孩"的接纳情况,探索其攻击行为与对"二孩"的接纳程度的关系。
      方法采取分层整群抽样方法,选取蚌埠市三所小学,抽取2~6年级共计926名小学生中的独生子女和非独生子女中排行老大(简称"一孩")作为研究对象进行问卷调查,内容为儿童基本情况、儿童12-条目攻击行为自评量表、家庭状况、接纳状况评估问卷四部分。
      结果926名小学生中,独生子女531名(57.34%)、"一孩"395名(42.66%)。"一孩"对"二孩"接纳率明显高于独生子女对"二孩"的接纳率(P < 0.01)。"一孩"在躯体攻击维度的得分高于独生子女在该维度的得分(P < 0.01)。多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,躯体攻击和语言攻击倾向高是独生子女对"二孩"接纳的制约因素。年龄增长是"一孩"对"二孩"接纳的促进因素。而躯体攻击、语言攻击和敌意倾向高是"一孩"对"二孩"接纳的制约因素。
      结论为促进儿童社会性发展,减少儿童攻击行为并改善同胞接纳情况,建议父母做好独生子女和"一孩"的心理疏导工作,采用民主平等的教育方式,学校可以尝试混龄教育模式,为儿童父母开展家长学校,促进儿童的"二孩"接纳度。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo learn the acceptance of the second-born children by urban school-age children and explore the relationship between their aggressive behavior and the acceptance of the second-born children.
      MethodsA stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to select three schools in Bengbu city.A total of 926 the only children and the first-born children of primary school from the second to sixth grades were selected as subjects for questionnaire survey.The content of the questionnaire included the basic situation of children, the 12-item aggression questionnaire, family status and acceptance status assessment questionnaire.
      ResultsThere were 531 (57.34%) the only children and 395 (42.66%) the first-born children among the 926 primary school students.The acceptance rate of the second-born children by the first-born children was significantly higher than that by the only children (P < 0.01).The score of the first-born children in the physical aggression dimension was significantly higher than that of the only children (P < 0.01).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the high tendency of physical aggression and language aggression were the limiting factors for the acceptance of the second-born children by the only children, age growth was a contributing factor for the acceptance of the second-born children by the first-born children, and the high tendency of physical aggression, language aggression and hostility were the restricting factors for the acceptance of the second-born children by the first-born children.
      ConclusionsIn order to promote children's social development, reduce children's aggression and improve the acceptance of compatriots, it is recommended that parents should do a good job of psychological counseling for the only children and the first-born children and adopt democratic and equal education mode, and schools can try mixed-age education models and carry out family school for parents to promote children's acceptance for the second-born children.

       

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