李成, 时景, 李洪艳, 王春丽, 朱正丽, 康丽华. 牵引衣应用在康复科防跌倒中的研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(11): 1569-1572. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.030
    引用本文: 李成, 时景, 李洪艳, 王春丽, 朱正丽, 康丽华. 牵引衣应用在康复科防跌倒中的研究[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2020, 45(11): 1569-1572. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.030
    LI Cheng, SHI Jing, LI Hong-yan, WANG Chun-li, ZHU Zheng-li, KANG Li-hua. Study on the application value of traction garments in the prevention of fall in rehabilitation department[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(11): 1569-1572. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.030
    Citation: LI Cheng, SHI Jing, LI Hong-yan, WANG Chun-li, ZHU Zheng-li, KANG Li-hua. Study on the application value of traction garments in the prevention of fall in rehabilitation department[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2020, 45(11): 1569-1572. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2020.11.030

    牵引衣应用在康复科防跌倒中的研究

    Study on the application value of traction garments in the prevention of fall in rehabilitation department

    • 摘要:
      目的探讨牵引衣在康复科跌倒中的应用效果。
      方法选择行康复治疗的病人143例,随机分为观察组(n=72)与对照组(n=71)。对照组采用常规的预防跌倒的护理方法,观察组病人在对照组基础上穿戴牵引衣。比较2组病人干预后的修订版跌倒效能量表(MEFS)评分、跌倒发生次数以及日常生活能力量表(ADL)评分。
      结果观察组发生跌倒0例,对照组发生跌倒4例,2组间差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05)。干预前2组病人MEFS评分、ADL评分差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);干预后2组MEFS评分、ADL评分均明显增加(P < 0.01),且观察组均明显高于对照组(P < 0.01)。
      结论牵引衣能有效预防和控制病人在康复过程中发生的跌倒,提升了病人的安全感和自信心,对病人的康复训练有一定的效果。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo explore the application effects of traction garments in the prevention of fall in rehabilitation department.
      MethodsA total of 143 patients treated with rehabilitation were randomly divided into the observation group(72 cases) and control group(71 cases).The control group was nursed with the conventional nursing method, and the observation group was nursed with traction garments based on the control group.The modified falls efficacy scale(MEFS) score, number of falls and activities of daily living(ADL) score after intervention were compared between two groups.
      ResultsNo case fell in the observation group, 4 cases fell in the control group, and the difference of which was statistically significant(P < 0.05).There was no statistical significance in MEFS and ADL scores between two groups before intervention(P>0.05).After intervention, the MEFS and ADL scores in two groups significantly increased(P < 0.01), and which in observation group were significantly higher than those in control group(P < 0.01).
      ConclusionsTraction garments can effectively prevent and control the fall of patients during the rehabilitation, improve the patient's security and self-confidence, and have certain effects on the rehabilitation training of patients.

       

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