汪琴, 刘云, 汪立. 健康生态学模型下2型糖尿病足病人自我管理行为及其影响因素分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2021, 46(9): 1276-1279, 1284. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.09.033
    引用本文: 汪琴, 刘云, 汪立. 健康生态学模型下2型糖尿病足病人自我管理行为及其影响因素分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2021, 46(9): 1276-1279, 1284. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.09.033
    WANG Qin, LIU Yun, WANG Li. Self-management behaviors and effects of type 2 diabetic foot patients under the health ecology model Factor analysis[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2021, 46(9): 1276-1279, 1284. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.09.033
    Citation: WANG Qin, LIU Yun, WANG Li. Self-management behaviors and effects of type 2 diabetic foot patients under the health ecology model Factor analysis[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2021, 46(9): 1276-1279, 1284. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.09.033

    健康生态学模型下2型糖尿病足病人自我管理行为及其影响因素分析

    Self-management behaviors and effects of type 2 diabetic foot patients under the health ecology model Factor analysis

    • 摘要:
      目的探讨在健康生态学模型下2型糖尿病足病人自我管理行为及其影响因素。
      方法选取90例2型糖尿病足病人,按照健康生态学模型下的个人因素、政策环境、人际网络、生活环境和工作条件、行为特点等5个领域,运用糖尿病足知识问卷、糖尿病问题量表、糖尿病病人自我效能量表、一般资料调查表、社会支持评定量表以及糖尿病足病人自我管理行为量表分析其自我管理行为和影响因素。
      结果糖尿病家族史、子女数量、居住地、工作状况、文化水平、吸烟、了解糖尿病足知识情况及因糖尿病足住院次数均为2型糖尿病足病人自我管理行为的独立影响因素(P < 0.05)。
      结论2型糖尿病足病人自我管理行为有待加强,临床可根据以上几种影响因素制定相关的措施。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo discuss the self-management behavior and its influencing factors of type 2 diabetic foot patients under the health ecology model.
      MethodsSelect 90 patients with type 2 diabetic foot who were treated in our hospital from February 2017 to November 2020, according to the personal factors, policy environment, interpersonal network, living environment and working conditions, and behavior characteristics under the health ecology model In 5 areas, using the Diabetes Foot Knowledge Questionnaire, Diabetes Problem Scale, Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale, General Information Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, and Diabetic Foot Patient Self-Management Behavior Scale to analyze their self-management behaviors and influencing factors.
      ResultsGender, family history of diabetes, method of payment of medical expenses, social support, number of children, place of residence, work status, education level, smoking, knowledge of diabetic foot and hospitalizations due to diabetic foot are self-management behaviors of patients with type 2 diabetic foot The main influencing factor(P < 0.05).
      ConclusionsThe self-management behavior of patients with type 2 diabetic foot needs to be strengthened.Clinical measures can be made based on the above influencing factors.

       

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