陶言言, 张弘, 徐波, 宋黎洁, 王小玲, 王方莉, 陆国玉, 王剑. 蚌埠市冠心病住院病人健康素养现况及影响因素分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2021, 46(11): 1592-1594, 1599. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.11.024
    引用本文: 陶言言, 张弘, 徐波, 宋黎洁, 王小玲, 王方莉, 陆国玉, 王剑. 蚌埠市冠心病住院病人健康素养现况及影响因素分析[J]. 蚌埠医学院学报, 2021, 46(11): 1592-1594, 1599. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.11.024
    TAO Yan-yan, ZHANG Hong, XU Bo, SONG Li-jie, WANG Xiao-ling, WANG Fang-li, LU Guo-yu, WANG Jian. Analysis of health literacy status and its influencing factors in inpatients with coronary heart disease in Bengbu city[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2021, 46(11): 1592-1594, 1599. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.11.024
    Citation: TAO Yan-yan, ZHANG Hong, XU Bo, SONG Li-jie, WANG Xiao-ling, WANG Fang-li, LU Guo-yu, WANG Jian. Analysis of health literacy status and its influencing factors in inpatients with coronary heart disease in Bengbu city[J]. Journal of Bengbu Medical College, 2021, 46(11): 1592-1594, 1599. DOI: 10.13898/j.cnki.issn.1000-2200.2021.11.024

    蚌埠市冠心病住院病人健康素养现况及影响因素分析

    Analysis of health literacy status and its influencing factors in inpatients with coronary heart disease in Bengbu city

    • 摘要:
      目的了解蚌埠市冠心病住院病人基本健康素养现状,并分析其主要影响因素,为冠心病病人健康教育提供理论依据。
      方法选择2019年4-10月蚌埠市三所三级甲等医院确诊为冠心病的住院病人403例,发放自制的《一般情况调查问卷》和《三个条目的简短素养调查表》现场进行调查,分析冠心病住院病人健康素养的影响因素。
      结果403例住院病人中基本健康素养得分(10.73±1.16)分,其中35.73%的病人具备基本健康素养,多因素logistic回归分析发现高年龄、文化程度低、家庭人均月收入低是冠心病病人基本健康素养水平的危险因素(P < 0.05~P < 0.01)。
      结论蚌埠市冠心病住院病人基本健康素养处于较低水平,年龄、文化程度以及经济情况是影响其健康素养水平主要因素,应针对性设计干预方案,提高冠心病病人健康素养水平。

       

      Abstract:
      ObjectiveTo understand the present situation of basic health literacy of inpatients with coronary heart disease(CHD) in Bengbu city, and analyze its main influencing factors, so as to provide the theoretical basis for health education of patients with CHD.
      MethodsA total of 403 inpatients diagnosed with CHD in three tertiary A hospitals in Bengbu city from April to October 2019 were investigated using the self-made "general situation questionnaire" and "three-item short literacy survey", and the influencing factors of the health literacy in patients with CHD were analyzed.
      ResultsAmong the 403 inpatients, the basic health literacy score was(10.73±1.16)points, and 35.73% of patients had the basic health literacy.The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high age, low education level and low per capita monthly family income were the risk factors of basic health literacy level in CHD patients(P < 0.05 to P < 0.01).
      ConclusionsThe basic health literacy of inpatients with CHD disease in Bengbu city is at a low level.The age, education level and economic situation are the main influencing factors of the health literacy level.The intervention schemes should be designed to improve the health literacy level of patients with CHD.

       

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